Services for students, faculty and college staff

 


L O R D - D E L A M E R E - O F - V A L E - R O Y A L - A B B E Y


Refer This Site to a Friend

 

This history and research project of the title, Baron "Lord Delamere" is primarily and specifically centered on the 1st Lord Delamere (1767-1855) 2nd Lord Delamere (1811-1887) and the 3rd Lord Delamere (1870-1931) the Vale Royal Abbey, Cheshire, UK, branch of the Cholmondeley family, and is strictly limited to this time period of 1767-1931.

 

Note: This history project is only in its preliminary stages and we acknowledge that errors may be contained in this brief report, but we request that any information or additional details be submitted to our research department, which is staffed by volunteers. Send your information to our email address. We also gratefully acknowledge the access we have been provided by the University of London; Historic England Research Project, the archives of British History and the Rylands Library of Manchester, which the Delamere Group support and sponsor.

 

The first recorded use of the title "Lord (Baron) Delamere" (Some records indicate Delamer) referring or related to an English family, is in 1661 AD, when King Charles the Second (1660-1685) created this title for Sir George Booth (1622-1684) in return for his loyalty to the English Crown, because Sir George was well known as a staunch Royalist during the Cromwell era ( Ref. British History) Sir George Booth lived in the area north of Chester, England at Dunham Massey Hall, Dunham Massey, Cheshire. Sir George had a son and heir named Henry. (Visit this informative site about Dunham Massey Hall.)

Henry Booth, 2nd Lord Delamere and Earl of Warrington (1652-1694) had a son named George (1688-1758) who also upon the death of his father Henry, became 2nd Earl of Warrington and 3rd Lord Delamere, but the Earldom became extinct in 1758 upon the death of George who had no male heir. (Earldoms can only pass to a direct male descendent).

George's brother Nathaniel had taken up the title 4th Lord Delamere but this title also became extinct in 1770 upon the death of Nathaniel, as the son of Nathaniel, also named Henry (1710-1784) refused to take up the title "Lord Delamere" for personal reasons. This latter Henry Booth was entitled to the designation of "Lord Delamere", but not having any child born in wedlock he refused to claim the Title, and the "Barony of Delamere" terminated in the person of Nathaniel the 4th Baron in 1770; and ownership reverted back to the English Crown. (See also this page that relates to the line of the Booth family and the subsequent Baron Titles they held up until 1870 and other titles still held today by the current descendents of the Booth family.) The title Lord Delamere relinquished by the Booth family in 1770, was revived in 1821 by the Vale Royal Abbey, Cheshire, branch of the Cholmondeley family.

___________________________________


Thomas Hugh Cholmondeley (1767-1855) acceded to the title of Lord Delamere (of Vale Royal Abbey) by purchasing the Barony Title from the English Crown for £5000 in 1821 (which, by the way, is the equivalent of over £2 million today in 2015) he actually overpaid for the title as it was originally offered at only £1200 but other prominent individuals in the region of Cheshire and Lancashire, were also bidding for this title because of its influential and useful connotation related to the far-reaching and very well known Delamere Forest area of Cheshire; known over the whole of Northern England, and also because of the great prestige and power this title Lord Delamere would carry.

But Thomas Hugh Clolmondeley, being who he was; a
n indomitable character, enterprisingly thought the title was truly worth the price he had paid, and he was proved to be right in his perception. Thomas Hugh thus became the 1st Baronacy, Lord Delamere in 1821 and had his name entered into the list of British Peers (House of Lords) at the coronation of King George IV of the United Kingdom, which was one of the most magnificent and expensive coronations in English history.

Thomas Hugh (1767-1855) also apparently spent massive amounts of the family funds inherited from the Holford family through his Great Grandmother Mary Holford, funds that he used to extravagantly refurbish, buy works of art and further renovate the Great House and Great Hall at Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire. See also this site about Vale Royal Abbey. Plus an aerial photo of Vale Royal Abbey taken in (date unknown). (The ruins of the Abbey are to the right of the photo. For more details of the Abbey from British History, click here) This photo must have been taken before the building of the new apartments at the rear of Vale Royal Great House now forming part of the elite golf club.) See also this photo and description, and also this photo of the gardens at Vale Royal in 1906. For addititonal background to Vale Royal, visit this site by Visions Of Britain.org

Fortunately, Vale Royal Abbey is now listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended, for its special architectural or historic interest, read more about the history of Vale Royal. This photograph taken about 1906 displays the magnificent south front of the Vale Royal House, click here. Cheshire Council currently has some interesting photos of Vale Royal and the family rooms (46 on record) when inhabited by the Cholmondeley family, dates are unknown but thought to be about 1900. Click here. (Some photographs have been definitely dated after Vale Royal was occupied by the new tenant Robert Dempster about 1907-1910) Read also this comprehensive report by renowned local Cheshire historian Tony Bostock, regarding how the Holcroft family came into possession of the Vale Royal Abbey & Estate in 1538, click here. And later records show the Holford family purchased Vale Royal Estate from the Holcroft family or the Crown and reveal how it was eventually sold to Lady Mary Cholmondeley (nee Holford) in 1615. Read more. See also an extract from the book "Prophecy & Revolution Settlement" related to this new ownership by Lady Mary Cholmondeley, click here.

Editor's Note: The following is a short extract from a research report on Thomas Hugh Cholmondeley (1767-1855), currently being prepared by our Cambridge University associates:

"Although the records do not reveal the precise motive of Thomas Hugh behind his decision to purchase this title, Baron Delamere, from the British Crown in 1821; but it would seem reasonable to assume that because he had inherited and now owned the Great House at Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire, England, plus all the surrounding land, including the prestigious Delamere Forest, and now also being one of the most prominent and wealthiest land owners in Cheshire, perhaps also because his distant cousins, the Cholmondeley family of Cholmondeley Castle had a title, and they had recently built the very impressive (although somewhat incongruous) mock-gothic Castle in 1801-1804, likewise - why should not he - being Cheshire's leading citizen, the "one and only" Thomas Hugh Cholmondeley of Vale Royal Abbey, also now be titled? Let us remember that he was also the Sheriff of Cheshire and Member of Parliament for Cheshire. (It is even still possible to buy barony titles today from the British Crown and also have the title registered in ones personal name and to be listed in the Peerage). (Visit this site)

Note
: A few English peerages created by Letters Patent, which exist today, date from the 15th century. Some date from the 16th century, even though the Tudors were sparing in their creation of peers. Most date from the 17th century. Read more.

"Despite comments made in the public press a few years ago by one of his descendants; that Thomas Hugh, 1st Lord Delamere,(1767-1855) was an "idiot" for buying this title; from our research to date we have learned that he was indeed somewhat reckless and a very ambitious domineering individual, plus a very harsh and disciplined taskmaster but was no idiot, but that Thomas Hugh Cholmondeley was rather a very creative, constructive individual and a visionary, who rendered a great deal of benefit with his programmes for the advancement and care of the local people of Cheshire, England. Also without his dedication to the restoration and improvements of the Great House and building the Great Hall at Vale Royal Abbey, costing Thomas Hugh most of the vast family fortune, all of this building work resulting in the accomplishment, that today's current visitors to this beautifully restored Hall (now headquarters of our favorite golf course; apologies for our prejudice) the Vale Royal Abbey Golf Club) that they would not be able to enjoy this impressive treasure and heritage of Cheshire one of the most beautiful counties of England. To visit the Vale Royal Abbey Golf Club, you may need a permit, if you require one and have problems in obtaining a permit, please contact us. See this antique portrait of Thomas Cholmondeley, 1st Lord Delamere, Portrait of Thomas Cholmondeley, first Lord Delamere, on his Hunter. (Thomas Cholmondeley was also a member of the Tarporley Hunt Club, Cheshire, read more about the Hunt Club.) Also read this fine book about The Green Collars,Tarporley Hunt Club by Gordon Fergusson.

(More details on the exploits and life style of Thomas Hugh, 1st Lord Delamere will be revealed in due course when our researchers have completed their project of examining all the available family journals and records at the Rylands Library in Manchester, England, p
lus the archives of British History, and Cheshire County Records Office)

Thomas Hugh had married Henrietta Elizabeth Williams-Wynn, from Denbigh, Wales, in 1810, and they had 6 (or 5) children, 4 or 5 sons and one daughter. Henrietta Elizabeth the wife of Thomas Hugh, died in 1852 aged 66 years old and Thomas Hugh died in 1855 aged 88.

The eldest son of this marriage was named Hugh Cholmondeley (1811-1887) (Welsh Church records state 1812 as being the year of birth) and he became the 2nd Lord Delamere in 1855 upon the death of his powerful, heavy handed, domineering and influential father, Thomas Hugh.
(Read the obituary of 1st Lord Delamere, click here. Plus this extract from Hardwicke's Annual, Page 43, click here.)

Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere, who was a far more gentle, compassionate and understanding individual than his late father, had inherited not only the family title and the vast estate, but also 'major headaches' and serious legal issues because of the overspending of the family fortune previously inherited and directly controlled by his late father Thomas Hugh, who had been extravagantly spending the family wealth, primarily on renovating the Great House and Great Hall at Vale Royal; funds that had been passed down through the Cholmondeley family from the Holfords family.

How did Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere, handle these financial problems and difficulties that ensued, plus the complicated legal affairs of the estate that he had now inherited and had to deal with and also try to resolve? Extracts from the family records related to his personal and private life, plus various family issues, indicate that he had to care for and also handle additional serious personal problems, especially related to his first wife Lady Sarah Hay-Drummond, and her subsequent death at the very young age of 30 years old in 1859.

Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere also had to cope with his complex second marriage to Augusta Emily Seymour, (an assertive, hard headed woman, according to records) which took place the following year in 1860, and their union produced two children, Hugh (Junior) born in 1870 and Sybil, born in 1871. (Hugh received a beautiful solid gold box in 1866 from Sir George Hamilton Seymour, the father of Augusta Emily Seymour, based upon Hugh's marriage to Augusta, see this photograph.) In addition, Hugh was also trying to care for his much younger, and only sister, Henrietta Charlotte Cholmondeley and the stressful circumstances that surrounded her pathetic life at Vale Royal Abbey.

Why was his second marriage so complex, you might ask? Also, what was the problematic situation with his only and much younger sister Henrietta Charlotte that caused Hugh so much anguish? Please wait until we release the intimate family details of this relationship and the surrounding problems that existed. This very detailed account, related to this period of the history of Vale Royal Abbey and the Cholmondeley family makes the most fascinating reading for serious students of English history and especially Cheshire history (more extracts from our research reports coming soon; please be patient).
See this antique drawing of Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Lord Delamere. PORTRAITS: Lord Delamere, antique print, 1867

Brief extract from the research report regarding Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Lord Delamere; his second marriage to Augusta Emily Seymour and their 2 children.

Extract from pages 23 & 24: (only for our registered readers)

"By the time Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere (1811-1887) inherited the Vale Royal Abbey estate; the title and the Great House, in 1855, the funds in the estate had almost become depleted, making it very difficult to maintain the life style of a "Lord of the British Peerage". It also seems that Hugh was having serious problems with his second marriage to Augusta. His second wife was a similar age to his first wife, Lady Sarah, being about 24 years his junior. The major difference is that Lady Sarah was a very weak and delicate girl and was ill for much of her life
and required a great deal of personal attention and nursing care and hardly ever went outdoors, right up to the time of her death at the young age of 30 years old, on 17 February 1859, whereas Augusta being more robust and an independent individual, lived away from Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire for long periods of time, spending many months of each year in London and also in Bournemouth, on the South Coast of England, with her socialite friends, a life style she adopted right up until her death aged 75 years old in 1911. (To view some portraits of Augusta Emily Seymour, Lady Delamere, second wife of Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere in the National Archives, click here)

In addition, Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Lord Delamere, in 1860 had also decided to undertake a major task close to his heart, and he ambitiously commissioned the building of a new local church in the village of Over in Cheshire, close to Vale Royal House, (See also this site about the town of Over plus incidents that surround the Lord Delamere issues) which was to be dedicated to the memory of his endearing first wife Lady Sarah who had died in 1859. This must have been a complex undertaking at the time; not only in monetary terms in view of his current financial restraints, but also consuming much of his time and energy, considering all the other problems he had to cope with related to the large estate and the Great House and Great Hall at Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire, which were still in need of more restoration and ongoing maintenance, this project being handled under the supervision of his head stone mason, Walter Green of Chester (1837-1886).

However, the determination of Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Lord Delamere, typical of his intrepid character, plus the burning desire he felt, and the commitment he had made to leave a permanent memorial for his much loved first wife, Lady Sarah, resulted in this beautiful architectural heritage, St John the Evangelist's Church that visitors to Cheshire, England, can still enjoy even to this day (2015) designed and built by architect John Douglas (1830-1911) see also this informative site about John Douglas, click here, and his grave in Overleigh Cemetery in Chester. For a more personal and detailed account of this very positive and up-building Christian community at St John the Evangelist's Church, sent to us by the local parishioners and the current vicar, George Crowder, visit this site.
(See this map plus a recent beautiful photograph of the St. John the Evangelist Church in Over, Cheshire, UK, by local Cheshire photographer, Ken Rane, click here)

The two "official & registered" children of Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Lord Delamere and Augusta (2nd wife) were also away from their home at Vale Royal Abbey for most of the time, the daughter Sybil born in 1871 and who died in 1911 (apparent suicide), spent most of her time in London and Bournemouth accompanying her mother Augusta, and Hugh (Jnr) (who eventually became 3rd Lord Delamere) born in 1870, was away at boarding school, firstly to Winchester School and then to Eton from a very young age and he was also giving his father, Hugh (Snr) a very difficult time. Not only was it costing his father Hugh (Snr) an enormous amount of money each year in school fees to keep up the appropriate life-style of having a son at Eton, when he could ill afford it, but Hugh (Jnr) was also a "tear-away" according to family journals, always getting into trouble at Eton College, not just mischievous acts, but immoral, dangerous and somewhat rebellious acts, such as alcohol, drugs, and violence. (Read the upcoming report on the life style and character of Hugh (Jnr), who eventually became the 3rd Lord Delamere at the young age of 17, upon the premature and unfortunate death of his father Hugh in 1887. Plus you will read how young Hugh, being the sole male heir who had also inherited the vast family estate at Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire that included valuable works of art and one of the most valuable libraries in the whole of England, plus what few financial or cash assets remained. The report will also show how most of these remaining family assets were liquidated and how the proceeds were used and transferred out of England (quite legally) to help finance and "bank-roll" his farm, estate and life style in Kenya, Africa, as part of the “Happy Valley” crowd. (Read also this book about the Happy Valley Crowd in Kenya, White Mischief: The Murder of Lord Erroll 1st (first) Edition by Fox, James ). When Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere died in Kenya in 1931 at the comparatively young age of 61 years old, he also left unpaid bank loans totalling £500,000, most of these loans to the Bank of India, (the current value in 2015 must be equal to approximately £25 million), this is even after using the large amounts of cash he had received by selling off the "family jewels" in England when he abandoned the Vale Royal Estate, which he had inherited from his father and grandfather.

(Editor's Note:
From local verbal records and also referred to in local staff diaries and estate records plus a family Bible, it appears that Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere probably also had two illegitimate sons, born in 1875 and 1877, in addition to his two other children with his legal wife Augusta; namely his son Hugh Jnr, born 1870 and his daughter Sybil born 1871. We are currently investigating these records in order to establish and confirm this claim)

Additional Editor’s Note: One of our experienced researchers expressed their expert opinion, that if this claim is true, namely that Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere, (1811-1887) the father of Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere (1870-1931) did indeed have two other 'illegitimate' sons that he cared for, and we do know that from records and letters to his mother, that Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere, had a total disrespect and intense dislike for his father and his life style, and he was especially highly critical of his father for the act of “wasting money” on building a "monument", a church in Over, Cheshire, dedicate to the memory of his fathers first wife Sarah who had died in 1859. This could well explain why Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere, had no interest or commitment in maintaining and continuing the beautiful estate at Vale Royal Abbey, Cheshire, even though he had inherited the title and the estate in 1887, but unfortunately for him with very few cash assets, when he was a mere 17 years of age, and thus he wanted to cut all ties, and why he eventually decided to start and rebuild his life in the African country of Kenya, and he abandoned the Vale Royal estate in Cheshire allowing it to 'go to the dogs', so to speak, plus from records of that date the Great House was in desperate need of extensive repairs and a new roof was definitely needed, therefore Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere decided to liquidate what he could salvage from the estate before it was attached by the bank and eventually the government because of none payment of loans and debts. From existing records we do know that Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere was a very impetuous, erratic, bad tempered, irresponsible and reckless individual, and making such a grave decision of abandoning the Vale Royal Estate for a new life in Kenya, Africa, would simply be in line with his character.

Family records show that Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Lord Delamere, must have been a very lonely man; but not totally despondent, during most of his later adult life, having to cope with the premature death of his first wife Sarah at such a young age, but especially from 1859 onward, as he rarely ever saw his second wife Augusta, because she was always away in London or Bournemouth with his daughter Sybil, plus the death of his fondly loved only sister Henrietta Charlotte, aged only 50 years old (who was the unfortunate victim of an arranged marriage by her late father Hugh Cholmondeley, 1st Lord Delamere, to an elderly Lord Berners, Henry William Wilson in 1857, a man who was almost 30 years older than her, in an attempt by her father to try and get more funds into the Vale Royal bank account), and Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere therefore as a result of his now somewhat solitary life depended more and more upon his faithful and loyal housekeeper M.G. (full name to be revealed after the written consent of her family descendants has been supplied) and of course he depended also upon his dedicated downstairs staff. (Complete list of staff and servants will soon be revealed upon consent of their family decendants.)

(End of extract of Pages 23 & 24 of research report)

Note about the sale of portions of the Cholmondeley (Vale Royal Abbey) Estate Listed in Sotheby's Public Catalog of 1910: "Sale by Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Lord Delamere, included 1048 acres of land of the family estate, including, Knights Grange Farm, Westholme Farm, Salterswall Farm, Marton Hall, Marton Bank Farm, Spring Bank Farm, Chester Lane Farm, Poolhead Farm, Little Lane Farm, Lane End Farm, School Farm, Peartree House and many other properties in Delamere Street, Grange Lane, and Swanlow Lane, Winsford, Cheshire." (See also this extract from Sotheby's catalogue of 1926, "Delamere Collection. London, Sotheby & Co. Catalogue of a Valuable Collection of Old Engravings, from the Collection of the First Lord Delamere (1787-1855), the Property of a Gentleman, Comprising an Important Series of Engravings & Paintings by Old Masters of the Dutch and German Schools.... April 13, 1926. 8vo, 31 pgs., 377 works, 4 plates. 12.50")

Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere (1870-1931) also placed numerous and quite valuable works of art belonging to the family estate, plus one of the most valuable collection of books held by a private individual in the whole of England, all of these items to be sold at public auction as listed in the "private catalogue" of Sotheby's.

It was during this period 1911-1930 that he broke up; disposed of and sold off one of the most valuable collection of books in the whole of England, a massive collection and also a very valuable library that had been built up over many years at Vale Royal Abbey, Cheshire, by his father, grandfather, plus previous ancestors of the Cholmonderley family. He did so without any consideration for the future of classical literature in England, which reflects his mental attitude toward education and culture; he was only interested in his own personal ambitions in Africa and his attempt to try and promote a white, european only, controlled empire of Kenya (Similar to the system in South Africa under Apartheid rule. In fact many Afrikaners (Boers) from Northern Transvaal in South Africa were encouraged by Delamere to relocate to Kenya to share this "white empire".) See also this informative page about the whites who lived in Kenya during this period, click here. The 3rd Lord Delamere was also anti-jewish, according to records, and this is based on this extract from a revealing news article that was sent in by a reader, plus many other references we have on file. ( See footnote No. 8)

For more information, read this book by Elsbeth Huxley, White Man's Country - Lord Delamere and the Making of Kenya Volume One 1870-1914 and Volume Two 1914-1931 (Two Volume Set) Another useful source providing some background as to the possible additional reasons why Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere originally moved permanently to live in Africa in 1901, is this magazine and website. (Old Africa Magazine) Plus read this excellent research report on Squatters & the Roots of the Mau Mau: 1905-63 (Eastern African Studies)

One notable work of art, the painting, Census at Bethlehem by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, dated from 1566, along with several other paintings were withdrawn from the public auction sale at the last minute and removed to Kenya sometime after 1911, presumably by the 3rd Lord Delamere.  This valuable painting was recently re-discovered in October 2013 by an international art expert Johnny Van Haeften on a recent visit to Kenya, please read this report by our colleagues at the Art Media Agency. Read also this report from Bloomberg Press Office, plus this report from the Financial Times of London.

The remaining books of the extensive family library, plus the eloquent furniture at Vale Royal House in Cheshire, that were not sold by the 3rd Lord Delamere when he left for Africa, were eventually disposed of by his son, Thomas Pitt Hamilton Cholmondeley, the 4th Lord Delamere (1900-1979) in about 1946, as listed in auction catalogues of Brown's of Chester. (Editor's Note: One of our associates who is also currently researching the listed contents of the Cholmondeley Library of Vale Royal House, is trying to locate an additional copy of the auction catalog of Brown's of Chester dated 1946 (for comparative purposes). If any of our readers or fellow researchers locates these details, or can identify a reliable source, please contact us)

Notes about Sybil Burnaby (nee Cholmondeley, 1871-1911) daughter of Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere (1811-1887) and her mother, being Augusta Emily Cholmondeley (nee Seymore), Sybil also being the only sister of Hugh 3rd Lord Delamere who had moved permanently to live and settle in Kenya, Africa, in 1901. ( Note: Sybil was saddened by the fact that although Hugh was her older and only brother, she confessed in a letter to her mother that she hardly knew the person and that he was like a "total stranger", as they had both lived completely separate lives from the age of 4 or 5 years old, away from Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire, and Hugh her brother had made almost no contact with her during their lifetime, except through the family attorneys) Note: Visit this site to view some available portraites of Sybil aged about 21 years old, click here.

Records in the archives of Scotland Yard, London, England, although do not definitely establish beyond all reasonable doubt that the death of Sybil Burnaby (nee Cholmondeley) in 1911 was in fact suicide, but from written recorded interviews with the servants, at least two members of the household staff, as witnesses, related their attempts to try and prevent Sybil from "throwing" herself out of the 3rd floor window of her house at No.22 Wilton Place in London. (For current photos of Wilton Place, London in 2015, click here)

A report in a National Newspaper of 1911 reveals that Sybil "fell" out of a window of the 3rd floor of her house at No.22 Wilton Place, in London on 13 May 1911, and died two weeks later of her injuries on the 26 May, 1911. However, considering the circumstantial evidence, she had been married in 1896 to a Lieutenant Algerman Edwyn Burnaby, a wild philanderer, but Sybil divorced him in 1901 after spending 3 years trapped in a miserable marriage, and after her husband ran off with a married woman. Despite the well circulated rumor attached to her "falling" out of a window, the surrounding evidence shows that she did in fact commit suicide, either because of her father's premature death, Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere in 1887; her failed marriage in 1901; her mother's death a few month's earlier on 25 February 1911, to whom she had been very attached and very close (probably the main reason), and also her only brother Hugh the 3rd Lord Delamere (1870-1931), sole heir to the family estate, now living in Kenya, Africa, and who had squandered much of the remaining family wealth, was now selling off a large portion of the family properties in Cheshire, England, consisting of a number of farms and houses, plus the very impressive family art collection and valuable library in Cheshire, and he allowed the once beautiful and prestigious family home at Vale Royal Abbey to become a dilapidated, neglected shambles.

Editor's Note: We have received a recent photograph of an original portrait that was abandoned and found in the armory basement of the Great House at Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire. This is a portrait that obviously was not sold back in the 1920's because of the damage to the canvass, but this portrait has since been "mislaid". If you or one of your associate readers recognize the subject of this portrait, please contact us. To see a copy of the photograph of this portrait, click here. (jpeg file).

In addition; of serious concern to Sybil (expressed in letters to her mother Augusta) the small annual stipend that Sybil received from the Cholmondeley family estate (set up by her late father Hugh, 2nd Lord Delamere) was also now being seriously jeopardized, as the funds in the family estate were quickly being exhausted, and this could soon result in her becoming extremely short of money to cover her basic family expenses and commitments, or maybe she envisaged that she would eventually become destitute (considered a total disgrace for a woman of her caliber in the 1900's) and also in addition not being able to maintain her well positioned property at the prestigious location at Wilton Place in Westminster-Belgravia, London (not far away from Buckingham Palace), as her ex-husband had also refused to pay her any financial support for herself and her young son,
(which had been authorized by the court in terms of her divorce settlement.)

Sybil certainly could not move back to the prestigious, historic and esteemed family home at Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire, to live there with her young son, Hugh Edwyn Burnaby, because the legal owner of the estate; her one and only brother Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Lord Delamere, was still "officially" living in the house until 1907 as his English residence, although he was in fact actually living in Kenya, Africa, the majority of the time.

Eventually in 1907, Vale Royal Abbey was rented out by Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Lord Delamere, to a Robert Dempster, a wealthy industrialist, owner of the Gas Plant Works and a very successful businessman from Manchester, England. Robert Dempster died while on vacation at the Mount Nelson Hotel in Cape Town in 1925 and his daughter Edith Pretty (nee Dempster) took over the lease until 1926 when Vale Royal Abbey was eventually taken over again and controlled by the British Government because of incumbent debts. (More details of this sad saga will be revealed in a future report, to be published by the Delamere Group and the Manchester Guardian)

It is very likely that the combination of these numerous family problems Sybil had to endure, plus the incidents and events surrounding her personal life, made the future prospects of Sybil look very bleak indeed and eventually drove her to take her own life at 39 years of age. See this extract from a newspaper of 13 May 1911 which confirms that witnesses saw servants trying to prevent her from jumping out of the window. Read also this newspaper extract announcing her death on 26 May 1911.

 


_____________________________________


Editor's Notes:

1. Our researchers in Cambridge, England, are especially interested in obtaining additional information on the 5 (or 6) children of the 1st Lord Delamere. The following are the (officially recorded) children, namely, Hugh Cholmondeley, born 1811 (or 1812 according to Welsh Church records), Thomas Grenville Cholmondeley, born 1818, Henry Pitt Cholmondeley, born 1820 or 1823, Charles Watkin Neville Cholmondeley, born 1826 and died in 1844 at the age of 17, (cause of death?), and the only daughter Henrietta Charlotte Cholmondeley, born in 1823, and died in 1874 aged 50 years old. We invite any of our readers or site visitors to submit any information they have obtained or can be referenced. Meantime you can also visit our web pages on Travel in Africa and also Business in Kenya.



2. This is a useful page to review (but with some errors) regarding the Cholmondeley family of Vale Royal from 1272 to 1955. Read more.

 

3. This most interesting booklet by the grand-daughter of Robert Dempster, namely Mary Hopkirk (nee Dempster) reveals what happened at Vale Royal during the years of 1907-1925 when the Dempster family rented the place from the lawyers acting for Hugh, 3rd Lord Delamere, plus some excellent photographs. Click here.

 

4. Read this recent article about the 3rd Lord Delamere by Amos Kareithi of the Kenyan Dispatch News, published in September 2012 (updated in 2013). Click here.



5. Recent article by Helen Kinuthia Gathenji, sent in by one of our readers with useful information about the settling of the 3rd Lord Delamere in Kenya and events surrounding the family up to modern times in the 21st century. Click here.


6. Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Lord Delamere (1870-1931) moved to Kenya in 1901 and was married to Lady Florence Anne Cole of Enniskillen, Ulster, Northern Ireland in 1899 and Lady Florence Anne died at the young age of 36 in 1914. (See miniture painting of Lady Florence in 1902)  Hugh Cholmondeley and Lady Florence had a son, Thomas Pitt Hamilton Cholmondeley born on 1900 and died in 1979. Lady Florence died at the young age of 36 in 1914, and her life had been a very difficult one, especially after her marriage to Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Lord Delamere and was made even more miserable caused by ill health, both mentally and physically. This article by the Old Africa Magazine sheds more light on her brief tragic life, click here. See also this personal letter from Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) to Lady Florence (Delamere) in 1911, click here. This is an interesting photograph of Lady Florence Cole taken in 1897 before she married the 3rd Lord Delamere, click here. Plus Lady Florence at the Devonshire House Ball also in 1897, click here.

One of our readers also forwarded this report in the New York Times of 19 May 1914, making an announcement of her death. Click here


7. This interesting article by writer, Tish Farrell has just been received (2015) from one of our regular readers regarding Kenyan History. Read more.

8. "In August 1903 Theodor Herzl delivered a bombshell in his opening speech to the sixth annual congress of the World Zionist Organisation in Basle. He revealed that Joseph Chamberlain, the British Colonial Secretary, had offered him a large area of East Africa as a homeland for the persecuted Jews of Eastern Europe - and that he didn't think it should be refused. This was Zionism's first great crisis, with the movement split in two over what became known as the 'Ugandan Scheme'. It wasn't for another two years that the British offer was finally refused. And as a result a breakaway group, the Jewish Territorial Organisation (led by 'the Jewish Dickens' Israel Zangwill), set about trying to find a homeland in such places as Libya, Australia and Angola. On the hundredth anniversary of Chamberlain's offer, this programme looks at a forgotten moment that reveals much about both Zionist and British colonial history.

"For Britain, the offer of land in what's now Kenya was intended to kill two birds with one stone. It would take the pressure off Jewish immigration into London's East End, which was the 'asylum seekers' issue of the day : and it would provide white settlers for a bit of the Empire that few British people wanted to go to. But the small community of British settlers in East Africa, led by Lord Delamere, orchestrated a vicious campaign against the offer of land to 'pauper aliens'." (See also this page from the Jewish Virtual Library, click here.) For more serious students of this period of Jewish History we recommend this excellent book by Joseph Telushkin "Jewish Literacy Revised Ed: The Most Important Things to Know About the Jewish Religion, Its People, and Its History".

9. For more information about Kenya and the Delamere history, visit our other web pages, namely Kenya information related to business, education, real estate and travel.  Also our travel site listing tours of Africa with abundant information about east Africa and Kenya.


Outline of Research project
: # 909

* Thomas Hugh Cholmondeley, 1st Baron Delamere" (1767-1855)

* Hugh Cholmondeley, 2nd Baron Delamere" (1811-1887)

* Hugh Cholmondeley, 3rd Baron Delamere" (1870-1931)

 

 

colleges & varsities | premier resources | distance learning | books, videos, CD's | equipment & services | loans & grants | health & sports | general resources | education news | about us | home | search


Copyright Delamere-Pennine Associates - 2015. All rights reserved.
Read Disclaimer,  Privacy Policy & Copyright Notice.